While working for The Provincial Freeman, Mary Ann Shadd was devoted to telling the real life stories of Blacks living in Canada West. She opposed The Voice of the Fugitive, a rival abolitionist publication, because she believed it presented an inaccurate portrayal of Canada's black communities. Shadd was also against the idea of Black colonies and villages because she believed it hindered the possibility of integration. Mary Ann Shadd died in Washington, D.C. on June 5th, 1893.

*Hill, Daniel G. The Freedom Seekers: Blacks in Early Canada. Agincourt, Canada: The Book Society of Canada Ltd., 1981.
*Shadd, Mary Ann. A Plea for Emigration; Or, Notes of Canada West. Toronto: Mercury Press, 1988. Originally printed in Detroit in 1852 by George W. Pattison.

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