The following is a letter written by Douglass, and published in the September 9th 1852 edition of the Voice of the Fugitive, talking about a visit he had made to the city of St. Catharines.

"What the people of Canada most need is a constant reliance upon their mental and physical energies, a manly independence and a firm resolve to bear nobly the responsibility of their own existence and maintenance. This remark will hold good everywhere but especially in Canada. Here in the States deprived of justice we may sometimes need charity, but in Canada the black and white man stand upon a common level before the law. . . Thus protected, the coloured man in Canada unless in extraordinary circumstance, should not be expected to ask alms over the heads of his afflicted brethren in the States. We are happy to find that this sentiment is the sentiment of the most enlightened and respectable part of the coloured people in St. Catharines. They feel degraded by the numerous beggars that go forth into the streets, begging on their own account and are quite tired of being represented as paupers and dependents."

*Bramble, Linda. Black Fugitive Slaves in Early Canada. St. Catharines, Ontario: Vanwell Publishing Ltd., 1988.
*Blockson, Charles L. "Escape From Slavery: The Underground Railroad." National Geographic. Vol. 166, No. 1, July 1984, p3.

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